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CNSystems Literature Service


Welcome to our first release of our literature service in this year!

Find a selection of recent peer-reviewed publications on latest studies with our CNSystems CNAP® technology (CNAP® Monitor, Task Force® Touch CARDIO, OEM) in a wide range of applications providing valuable findings and reviews.

One example is a very recent publication of an expert group from the University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, USA, investigating the question of whether non-invasive technologies for continuous blood pressure measurement have the potential to replace invasive measurements. The conclusions show that although we will certainly not eliminate arterial measurement for critically ill patients, we see promising fields of application for non-invasive blood pressure monitors: 

In the future, non-invasive continuous BP monitors will likely replace intermittent oscillometers in the operating room and the postoperative period.1

Read more in the abstract

The Executive Board of the German Society for Anesthesiology recently adopted a new guideline that addresses the intraoperative clinical application of hemodynamic monitoring in non-cardiac surgical patients. The experts recommend Continuous arterial blood pressure monitoring in all patients who are at risk of complications such as hypo- or hypertension as well as in patients with low and intermediate risk.

Read more in our blog.


You can also register for our literature service to receive literature updates via email: 

Now discover the results of further recent studies and reviews listed according to their application field and please let us know whenever you have studies you would like to share with us or if we can be of help with further literature in your field!

We always appreciate your feedback very much!

With best regards,
Your CNSystems Team


de Oliveira, M. de C. S. et al. Distinct Hemodynamic Responses That Culminate With Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome. Am. J. Cardiol. 197, 3–12 (2023). Read abstract

Russo, V. et al. Short-duration head-up tilt test potentiated with sublingual nitroglycerin in suspected vasovagal syncope: the fast Italian protocol. Eur. Heart J. (2023) doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehad322. Read abstract

Pawłowski, R. et al. An assessment of heart rate and blood pressure asymmetry in the diagnosis of vasovagal syncope in females. Front. Physiol. 13, 1–13 (2023). Read abstract

Zawadka-Kunikowska, M., Rzepiński, Ł., Cieślicka, M., Klawe, J. J. & Tafil-Klawe, M. Alterations in short-term blood pressure variability related to disease severity and autonomic symptoms in myasthenia gravis patients. Neurol. Sci. 44, 4065–4075 (2023). Read abstract

Ferdowsi, M. et al. Classification of vasovagal syncope from physiological signals on tilt table testing. Biomed. Eng. Online 23, 1–22 (2024). Read abstract


Debain, A. et al. Frail older adults are more likely to have autonomic dysfunction: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Ageing Research Reviews vol. 87 (2023). Read abstract

Dieffenderfer, J. et al. A Wearable System for Continuous Monitoring and Assessment of Speech , Gait , and Cognitive Decline for Early Diagnosis of ADRD. Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2023 Jul:2023:1-6. doi: 10.1109/EMBC40787.2023.10339986 Read abstract


Rasmussen, V. F. et al. Neuropathy in adolescents with type 1 diabetes: Confirmatory diagnostic tests, bedside tests, and risk factors. Diabetes Res. Clin. Pract. 201, (2023). Read abstract

Yang, J., Ruesch, A. & Kainerstorfer, J. M. Cerebrovascular impedance estimation with near-infrared and diffuse correlation spectroscopy. Neurophotonics 10, (2023). Read abstract

Dumančić, D. et al. Increased cerebral vascular resistance underlies preserved cerebral blood flow in response to orthostasis in humans on a high-salt diet. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. (2023) doi:10.1007/s00421-022-05124-w. Read abstract

Devigili, G., Straccia, G. & Cereda, E. Unraveling Autonomic Dysfunction in GBA-Related Parkinson ’ s Disease. Mov. Disord. 1–19 (2023) doi:10.1002/mdc3.13892. Read abstract


Saglietto, A. et al. Beat-to-beat finger photoplethysmography in atrial fibrillation patients undergoing electrical cardioversion. Sci. Rep. 13, (2023). Read abstract

Christensen, A. H. et al. Factors Associated With Sinoatrial Reinnervation After Heart Transplantation. Transplant. Direct 9, e1553 (2023). Read abstract

Alyahya, A. I. et al. Heart rate variability and haemodynamic function in individuals with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Clin. Physiol. Funct. Imaging (2023) doi:10.1111/cpf.12840. Read abstract

Bari, V. et al. Link Between Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Controls in Patients Undergoing Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement. (2016). Read abstract

>> Human Physiology

Bullock, T. et al. Habituation of the stress response multiplex to repeated cold pressor exposure. Front. Physiol. 13, (2023). Read abstract

Reyes del Paso, G. A., Montoro, C. I., Jennings, J. R. & Duschek, S. Experimental carotid baroreceptor stimulation reduces blood flow velocities in the anterior and middle cerebral arteries of healthy individuals. J. Physiol. Sci. 73, 13 (2023). Read abstract

Kujawski, S. et al. Effects of whole-body cryotherapy and static stretching are maintained 4 weeks after treatment in most patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Cryobiology 112, (2023). Read abstract

Allois, R., Pagliaro, P. & Roatta, S. Ischemic Conditioning to Reduce Fatigue in Isometric Skeletal Muscle Contraction. Biology (Basel). 12, (2023). Read abstract

Lucovnik, M. et al. Effect of Prenatal Yoga versus Moderate-Intensity Walking on Cardiorespiratory Adaptation to Acute Psychological Stress : sensors (2024). Read abstract

>> Psychophysiology

Wilson, C., Campbell, K., Petzel, Z. & Reeve, C. Dogs can discriminate between human baseline and psychological stress condition odours. PLoS One 17, 1–25 (2022). Read abstract

Finseth, T. T., Dorneich, M. C., Vardeman, S., Keren, N. & Franke, W. D. Real-Time Personalized Physiologically Based Stress Detection for Hazardous Operations. IEEE Access 11, 25431–25454 (2023). Read abstract

Ernst, H. et al. Assessment of the human response to acute mental stress-An overview and a multimodal study. PLoS ONE vol. 18 (2023). Read abstract

Chen, R., Wang, R., Fei, J., Huang, L. & Wang, J. Quantitative identification of daily mental fatigue levels based on multimodal parameters. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 94, (2023). Read abstract

>> Exercise

Edwards, J. J. et al. The effect of isometric exercise training on arterial stiffness: A randomized crossover controlled study. Physiol. Rep. 11, (2023). Read abstract

Allois, R., Pagliaro, P. & Roatta, S. Ischemic Conditioning to Reduce Fatigue in Isometric Skeletal Muscle Contraction. Biology (Basel). 12, (2023). Read abstract

Hyldahl, R. D. et al. Physiological assessment of a 16 day, 4385 km ultra-endurance mountain bike race: A case study. Exp. Physiol. 1–10 (2024) doi:10.1113/EP091260. Read abstract


Oh, E. J., Min, J. J., Kwon, E., Choi, E. A. & Lee, J. H. Evaluation of pre-induction dynamic arterial elastance as an adjustable predictor of post-induction hypotension: A prospective observational study. J. Clin. Anesth. 87, (2023). Read abstract

Rajarathinam, M. et al. Comparison of hemodynamic stability with continuous noninvasive blood pressure monitoring and intermittent oscillometric blood pressure monitoring in hospitalized patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Anesth. Essays Res. 0, 0 (2023). Read abstract

Kouz et al. Haemodynamic monitoring during noncardiac surgery past present and future. Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing, Read abstract

Gore, P., Liu, H. & Bohringer, C. Can Currently Available Non-invasive Continuous Blood Pressure Monitors Replace Invasive Measurement With an Arterial Catheter ? 16, (2024). Read abstract


Clark, A. R. et al. Maternal Cardiovascular Responses to Position Change in Pregnancy. Biology (Basel). 12, 1–15 (2023). Read abstract


Filip, D. et al. Bladder dysfunction in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Prepr. – Pediatr. Urol. 127571 (2023) doi:10.1016/j.jpurol.2024.04.007. Read abstract

Owdrick, K. R. et al. Impaired cerebrovascular reactivity in pediatric sickle cell disease using diffuse correlation spectroscopy. Biomed. Opt. Express 14, 5696–5708 (2023). Read abstract


Zhi Wang, Beihong Jin, Siheng Li, Fusang Zhang, and Wenbo Zhang. 2022. ECG-grained Cardiac Monitoring Using UWB Signals. Proc. ACM Interact. Mob. Wearable Ubiquitous Technol. 6, 4, Article 186 (December 2022), 25 pages. Read abstract

Yang, J., Ruesch, A. & Kainerstorfer, J. M. Cerebrovascular impedance estimation with near-infrared and diffuse correlation spectroscopy. Neurophotonics 10, (2023). Read abstract


Giosa, L. et al. Effects of CPAP and FiO2 on respiratory effort and lung stress in early COVID-19 pneumonia: a randomized, crossover study. Ann. Intensive Care 13, 103 (2023). Read abstract

Azcue, N. et al. Dysautonomia and small fiber neuropathy in post- COVID condition and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Res. Sq. Read abstract

Ludwig, B. et al. Reported neurological symptoms after severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus type 2 infection: A systematic diagnostic approach. Eur. J. Neurol. 30, 2713–2725 (2023). Read abstract


Bajdek, N., Merchant, N., Camhi, S. M. & Yan, H. Racial Differences in Blood Pressure and Autonomic Recovery Following Acute Supramaximal Exercise in Women. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 20, (2023). Read abstract

Capareli, F. et al. Low-energy amplitude-modulated electromagnetic field exposure: Feasibility study in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Cancer Med. 12, 12402–12412 (2023). Read abstract

Liu, H. et al. A study on the immediate effects of enhanced external counterpulsation on physiological coupling. Front. Neurosci. 17, 1–11 (2023). Read abstract

Shankhwar, V. et al. Association of gender with cardiovascular and autonomic responses to central hypovolemia. Front. Cardiovasc. Med. 10, 1–8 (2023). Read abstract


1 Gore, P., Liu, H. & Bohringer, C. Can Currently Available Non-invasive Continuous Blood Pressure Monitors Replace Invasive Measurement With an Arterial Catheter ? 16, (2024). Read abstract

2 Saugel B, et al. S1-Leitlinie Intraoperative klinische Anwendung von hamodynamischem Monitoring bei nicht-kardiochirurgischen Patient:innen, available here

CNSystems Award 2023
CNSystems Award

We are proud to announce that CNSystems also supports young researchers and scientists!

The CNSystems Award for the best abstract at the EFAS – European Federation of Autonomic Societies Congress 2023 in Dubrovnik went to  Ana Abicic from the General Hospital Zabok in Zagreb, Croatia. Congratulations!

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